Anarchist Essays

Essay #17: James Flexner, ‘Food Fight: Subsistence and Stable Heterarchies in Vanuatu’

July 12, 2021

In this essay, about the islands of southern Vanuatu, which presents an alternative to the traditional Western Civilisation narrative, James Flexner explores the ways that a 5,000 year history of domestication, island colonisation, and agricultural practices contributed to the anti-hierarchical nature of Island Melanesian societies. Chiefly status in southern Vanuatu derived from mass gifting of agricultural surpluses during competitive feasting events, which limited possibilities for the establishment of permanent hierarchies.

James Flexner is senior lecturer in historical archaeology at the University of Sydney. He is a member of the Black Trowel Collective group of anarchist archaeologists. His books include Archaeologies of Island Melanesia (co-edited with Mathieu Leclerc, and Community-Led Research: Walking New Pathways Together (co-edited with Victoria Rawlings and Lynette Riley), which are both available as a free download/Open Access.

Anarchist Essays is brought to you by Loughborough University's Anarchism Research Group. For more information on the ARG, visit . You can follow us on Twitter @arglboro

Our music comes from Them'uns (featuring Yous'uns). Hear more at

Artwork by Sam G:

Podbean App

Play this podcast on Podbean App